Henry II 'Curtmantle' King Of ENGLAND

Male 1133 - 1189  (56 years)


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  • Name Henry II 'Curtmantle' King Of ENGLAND  [1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    • He became Duc de Normandie et du Maine, and Comte d'Anjou by inheritance from his mother and father. By his marriage to Eleanore of Aquitaine, Henry acquired the duchy of Aquitaine together with Gascony, Poitou and Auvergne. By the Treaty of Winchester in 1153 Henry was recognised as King Stephen's heir. He reached England on 8 Dec 1154, and crowned King of England on 19 Dec 1154, with direct rule over England and southern Wales, and a claim to the overlordship of northern Wales. His domain of England, Wales, and the French lands acquired from inheritance and marriage (ruled as separate components), was termed the 'Angevin empire' (as his father was Cote d'Anjou). The overlord of his French lands, the king of France, had directed control of a much smaller domain than henry himself. In 1171 Henry annexed Ireland though controlling the eastern part only. He had little difficulty in curbing the disorder of Stephen's reign and restoring the royal authority. He encouraged the development of juries of presentment of local men in the investigation of crimes, and trial of those accused by royal justices. His writs to sheriffs improved the disposition of claims over possession of property and benefices thereby discouraging local self-help violent ejection and usurpation. By relying on financial and legal experts and a permanent court at Westminster he fostered the establishment of those two professions and the replacement of Roman law by English common law. Henry's reassertion of the king's rights over the church, in particular that clerics were subject to his courts and not solely to ecclesiastical courts, led to the quarrel with his former chancellor Thomas Becket, who, as Archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered in his cathedral at Henry's instigation in 1170. Henry spent much of his reign in France, upholding his authority in his numerous lordships and attempting to extend his rule. There he encountered the hostility of the French kings, who encouraged the grievances of his quarrelsome sons. Henry II of England, King of England, died at Chinon in Normandy on 8 July 1189 in the midst of a rebellion by his sons. They were buried at Fontevralt Abbey in Anjou, where their tomb effigies may be seen. [1]
    • The Plantagenets
      1154-1399

      The surname of this remarkable family derives from the nickname borne of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, between 1129 and 1251. Geoffrey, the father of Henry II, wore a spring of flowering broom (Planta genista) as his personal badge.

      The first Plantagenet king of England was Henry II, and he is generally regarded as the greatest of them. Thirteen more kings followed him in a dynasty that ruled for 331 years, although for the last 86 years, rival families within the dynasty struggling to seize the crown took the names of Lancaster and York, even though all were Plantagenets. for much of this long period, the kings were involved in costly and largely unproductive wars with France and Scotland, and in power struggles with the over-mighty barons at home. As a dynasty, the Plantagenets made their greatest contribution in the development of English law, especially the unique Common Law, and by sponsoring a splendid architectural heritage.

      Henry's succession in 1154 made him lord of a vast empire, and he was equipped with all the intellectual and physical qualities to rule it well. Henry began by destroying the castles built by rebellious barons during Stephen's reign, and then set about regulating the power of the Church. Although the latter years of his reign were plagues by family revolts, his vast empire was still intact when he died in 1189.

      When Henry I became King of England in 1154 he was already Count of Anjou and of Touraine, andDuke of Normandy and of Aquitaine. As such, he was lord of an empire that stretched from the Cheviot Hills down to the Pyrenees, his territories in France exceeding even those of the French king. Known as the Angevin Empire (because the country of Anjou lay at its heart), this vast domain was held together by diplomacy and force of arms, and remained intact up to the death of Richard I in 1199.

      In 1164 Henry se out various Church reforms in the Constitutions of Clarendon. These included the proposal that the clergy or others associated with the Church, if charged with a criminal offence, should be tried in the civil courts, and tat no appeal could be made to rome without the Kings consent. Despite fierce opposition from the Church, these reforms were adopted. The King quarreled with Thomas a Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury, over the new laws and, although the two men were reconciled, they again quarreled in 1170. In exasperation, henry cried out: 'Will not someone rid me of this turbulent priest?' Four of Henry's knights responded to the King's outburst and set off for Canterbury, where they pursued the archbishop into his cathedral and murdered him in front of the altar. [2]
    Born 05 Mar 1133  Le Mans, Sarthe, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 5, 7, 8, 9
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Henry II Curt mantel Plantagenet 
    Birth 25 Mar 1133  [4
    Fact Between 1154 and 1189  King of England Find all individuals with events at this location  [8, 9
    Crowned 19 Dec 1154  Westminster Abbey Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Fact Count of Maine and Anjou Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Fact Reigned until 1189 Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Name Henry Of Anjou  [3
    Name II Henry  [8
    Died 06 Jul 1189  Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 5, 7, 8, 9
    Buried Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Liore, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 9
    Notes 
    • Henry was crowned December 19, 1154 at Westminster Abbey. He was called Curtmantle because of the short capes he preferred over the stylish longer capes.
    Person ID I21330  Main Tree
    Last Modified 18 May 2018 

    Father Geoffrey V Plantagenet 'the fair' D'ANJOU,   b. 24 Aug 1113, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Sep 1151, Chateau-du-Loir Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Maud 'the Empress Maud' Of ENGLAND,   b. 7 Feb 1102, Winchester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Sep 1167, Notre Dame, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 22 May 1127  Le Mans Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9
    Family ID F02965  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 YKENAI 
    Children 
     1. Geoffrey PLANTAGENET,   b. Abt 1151,   d. 18 Dec 1212  (Age ~ 61 years)  [Natural]
    Family ID F03128  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Eleanor Of AQUITAINE,   b. Abt 1122, Chateau De Belin, Bordeaux, Aquitaine Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1204, Poiters, Poitou, Aquitaine Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 82 years) 
    Married 18 May 1152  Bordeaux, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 7, 8
    Married 18 May 1152  Bordeau, Gironde, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4, 9
    Children 
     1. William Of ENGLAND,   b. 17 Aug 1152, Normandy,Le Mans, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Apr 1156, Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 3 years)  [Birth]
     2. Henry Of ENGLAND,   b. 28 Feb 1155, Bermandsey Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Jun 1183, Chateau De Mortel, Turenne, Aquitaine Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years)  [Birth]
     3. Matilda Of ENGLAND,   b. 1156, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jun 1189, Brunswick, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)  [Birth]
     4. Richard I 'Coeur de Loin' King Of ENGLAND,   b. 08 Sep 1157, Oxford, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 06 Apr 1199, Chalus, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years)  [Adopted]  [Birth]
     5. Geoffrey Of ENGLAND,   b. 23 Sep 1158, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Aug 1186, Killed - in Tournament in Paris Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)  [Birth]
     6. Alianor Of ENGLAND,   b. 13 Oct 1162, Domfront, Normandie Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Oct 1214, Las Huelgas, Burgos, Burgos, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years)  [Birth]
     7. Joan Of ENGLAND,   b. Oct 1165, Angers, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 04 Sep 1199, Rouen, Normandie Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 33 years)  [Birth]
     8. John 'Lackland' King Of ENGLAND,   b. 24 Dec 1167, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 28 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F03770  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Rosamond DE CLIFFORD,   b. Abt 1136, Clifford Castle, Cliford, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1176, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 40 years) 
    Children 
     1. William LONGESPEE,   b. Abt 1176, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Mar 1225/26, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years)  [Birth]
    Family ID F03132  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Nest BLOET 
    Children 
     1. Morgan Of ENGLAND  [Natural]
    Family ID F04932  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 05 Mar 1133 - Le Mans, Sarthe, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 18 May 1152 - Bordeaux, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 18 May 1152 - Bordeau, Gironde, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFact - Between 1154 and 1189 - King of England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFact - - Count of Maine and Anjou Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 06 Jul 1189 - Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Liore, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S5008] "Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists", David Faris, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.).

    2. [S9498] Kings & Queens of England and Scotland, Plantagenet Somerset Fry.

    3. [S01910] Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399 by. T. Anna Leese.

    4. [S02258] Families Directly Descended from "All the Royal Families in Europe" (495-1932) and Mayflower Descendants, Mrs. (Oscar Herbert) Elizabeth M. Leach Rixford, (Name: Name: Clearfield Company, Inc., Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.;;).

    5. [S5452] A Who's Who of Your Ancestral Saints, Alan J. Koman, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. - Baltimore).

    6. [S5682] "Walworth-Walsworth Genealogy" 1689-1962 Descendants Male & Female of William Walworth & Mary Abigail Seaton, Reginald Wellington Walworth.

    7. [S5840] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonist Who Came to America before 1700, Frederick Lewis Weis.

    8. [S02447] Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW.
      Date of Import: Oct 13, 2000

    9. [S03311] Royalty For Commoners - Fourth Edition, Roderick W. Stuart, (Name: Name: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc;;).